Lakulisha (Sanskrit: Lakuliśa) (c. 200 CE) was a prominent teacher of the Pashupata, one of the early sects of Shaivism. According to the Hindu mythology, Lakulisha, (literal meaning: the lord with a club) is believed as the founder of the Pashupata sect. Some believe that the Pashupata doctrine was already in existence before him, and Lakulisha was its first formal guru (teacher). It is believed that he was born in a brahman family and lived in Kayavatara or Kayavarohana (currently known as Karvan), located in Vadodara district of Gujarat state in western India. According to a tradition stated in the Linga Purana, he is considered as the 28th and the last avatar of Shiva and the creator of Yoga. According to the same tradition, he had four disciples: Kaurushya, Garga, Mitra and Kushika. According to another tradition mentioned in the Avanti Khanda of the Skanda Purana, he and his four disciples while residing at Mahakalavana, installed a linga at that place, known as Kayavarohaneshvara.
• 1 The Pashupata Sutra
• 2 The images of Lakulisha
• 3 Notes
• 4 References
• 5 External links
The Pashupata Sutra
The principal text of the Pashupata sect, the Pāśupata Sūtra is attributed to him. The manuscripts of this text and a commentary of it, the Pañcārtha Bhāṣya by Kaundinya (c.500 CE) were discovered in 1930. The Pāśupata Sūtra formalizes various canons of the Pashupata sect, and contains the basic theology of the sect.
The images of Lakulisha
His images have been found in Gujarat, a state on the western coast of India and also in some parts of the eastern India. Some of his images depict him as a naked yogi and he carries prayer beads, a club, a cup of human skull. He is shown as accompanied by animals. Almost all of his images depict him urdhvareta (ithyphallic).
1. ^ a b Pashupata Saivism
2. ^ Joshi, N.P. (1981). Regional Trends in some of the Mediaeval Brahman cal Sculptures of Malwa in M.D. Khare (ed.) Malwa through the Ages, Bhopal: Directorate of Archaelogy & Museums, Govt. of M.P., p.112
• Choubey, M.C. (1997) Lakuliśa in Indian Art and Culture, Sharada Publishing House, New Delhi, ISBN 8185616442
• Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dallapiccola
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